1. Lisbon is the largest Portuguese city and the oldest European capital after Athens. It's often considered as one of the most livable cities. It's home of 2,7 millions of people.
2. Its previous name Olissipo means "safe harbor" in Phoenician. The city was founded by the Phoenicians although a legend says that it was founded by Ulysses on his journey home from Troy. The raven is the symbol of the city.
3. Today is called "the city of light, the city of seven hills". The top of the hills offer the best views of the city and the area with Santa Justa Elevator which is right in the city center. Looking for more views? Stay tuned for the next post and something that reminds me of Rio de Janeiro and San Francisco.
4. The typical yellow trams that you can see all over the city's center are originally American and they were even called "americanos" back in 1873. This public transport is one of the main turistic attractions in the city, especially the famous line number 28. These trams are often crowded so beware of the pickpockets, but if you're careful enough, the ride is a perfect way to experience the city's vibes that are at the same time chaotic yet relaxed.
5. The Vasco da Gama Bridge over the Tagus River is 17, 2 km long and it's the longest bridge in Europe.
6. The Belem district (which you can see on many photos below) is home of two Seven Wonders of Portugal (remember the one from my previous post?) The first is Belem tower built in 1514 in the name of Portuguese glorious Age of Discovery. It even served as a lighthouse, a jail and telegraph post. The second one is the Jerónimos Monastery.
7. From 14th to 18th century Lisbon had several big earthquakes and in 1755 the most severe earthquake of all (9 on Richter scale) destroyed about 85% of the city and it triggered a tsunami.
8. Looking for an authentic Portuguese experience? Check out the Alfama district (the only city's district that survived the big earthquake) and cozy restaurants. You can have a dinner and listen to the fado, authentic Portuguese music. It's something that I highly, highly recommend!
9. If you have a sweet tooth, don't forget to try pastel de nata, a typical Portuguese egg tart pastry, originally created by monks of Jerónimos Monastery in 18th century. It can be easily found in bakeries and pastry shops.
10. If you're a bookworm like me, in Lisbon you can find the oldest bookstore in the world (1732).